Learn the basics of formatting your paper, citations and reference lists from the American Medical Association.
A guide to the most frequently used reference types in AMA style.
More about AMA Style
What are the major differences between AMA and other styles?
- Use superscript numbers for in-text citations, not parentheses. Superscript is a smaller text written above a line of text. How to create superscript numbers in Microsoft Word.
- Cite references numerically in the order they appear in your paper, not alphabetically.
- If you cite multiple references in the same sentence, they each get their own number. That is, more than one reference should not be contained under the same number.
- Abbreviate a journal’s title according to National Library of Medicine format. If the journal is listed in PubMed, you can find its AMA abbreviation there.
- Cite each author’s last name, followed by initials with no periods or spaces: Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. If there are more than six authors, include the first three names followed by “et al.”
How do I cite an electronic journal article?
Author AA, Author BB. Title of article with only first word capitalized. Jrnl Name. Year;vol(issue No.):inclusive pages. URL. Accessed [date]. OR doi:10.00000/000000000000
How do I cite an online report or publication from a government or non-profit organization?
Author(s) (or, if no author is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site). Title (or, if no title is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site). Name of the Web site. URL. Accessed [date].